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Liverpool Football ClubPast Manager - Gerard Houllier

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Gérard Houllier, OBE born 3 September 1947, in Thérouanne, Pas-de-Calais, France, is a French football manager. His past clubs include Paris Saint-Germain, RC Lens and Liverpool, with whom he won the UEFA Cup in 2001. He then guided Olympique Lyonnais to two French titles, before announcing his resignation on 25 May 2007. He also coached the French national team between 1992 and 1993. He assisted Aimé Jacquet in the 1998 World Cup. Houllier was part of UEFA's and FIFA's Technical Committee, in the 2002 and 2006 World Cup finals. In January 2008, he was linked to the vacant manager's position at Newcastle United, a position later filled by Kevin Keegan.

In July 1998, Houllier was invited to become joint team manager of Liverpool Football Club, together with Roy Evans. The arrangement did not work out at all and Roy Evans resigned in November after losing to Tottenham Hotspur 3-1 at home in the League Cup prior to that defeat Liverpool were knocked out of the UEFA Cup by Spanish side Celta Vigo, leaving Houllier in sole charge of the team.

Houllier began what he described as a five-year program to rebuild the team, starting in 1999. That summer, Paul Ince, David James, Jason McAteer, Rob Jones, Tony Warner and Steve Harkness were all sold, while Steve McManaman left on a free. At the same time seven new players, Sami Hyypiä, Dietmar Hamann, Stephane Henchoz, Vladimir Smicer, Sander Westerveld, Eric Meijer and Djimi Traore were all signed. Also, Liverpool's training facilities at Melwood were thoroughly overhauled.

The rebuilding continued in 2000, with the signings of Markus Babbel, Nicky Barmby, Pegguy Arphexad, Grégory Vignal, Emile Heskey, Gary McAllister, Igor Biscan and Christian Ziege, but the departures of David Thompson, Phil Babb, Dominic Matteo, Steve Staunton, Brad Friedel and Stig Inge Bjornebye

The efforts yielded a result in the successful 2000–01 season, when Liverpool won a cup treble of the League Cup, the FA Cup and the UEFA Cup and finished third in the English Premier League. Liverpool went on to win the FA Community Shield against Manchester United and UEFA Super Cup against Bayern Munich.

In October 2001, after falling ill at half time in the Liverpool's Premier League match with Leeds United, Houllier was rushed to hospital for an emergency operation when he suffered a dissected aorta. In his absence, caretaker manager Phil Thompson guided Liverpool to the second-place finish in the league, their best record in the Premiership. Houllier returned to active management of the club after five months, but many Liverpool fans felt that he subsequently was never quite the same manager he had been. A prime example was where Houllier substituted the defensive midfielder Dietmar Hamann with Vladimir Smicer in an away match against Bayer Leverkusen in the UEFA Champions League quarter-final. The scoreline was 1-1 with Bayer needing two goals to win. With a gap in the defense, however, Liverpool was exposed to endless attacks, and Liverpool failed to advance to the semi-final.

The 2002-2003 season was not as successful.[citation needed] Liverpool finished in the fifth place in the Premiership, failing to qualify for the Champions League next season. Critics blamed Houllier's unsuccessful summer signings in 2002, namely El Hadji Diouf (Lens, £10 million), Salif Diao (Sedan, £5 million) and Bruno Cheyrou (Lille, £4 million), and his failure to make Nicolas Anelka's loan move permanent in favour of signing the ineffective Diouf. Houllier's failure to replace creative talents such as Gary McAllister and Jari Litmanen was also criticized.

A lack of success in the following seasons when Liverpool struggled to qualify for the Champions League despite substantial investment in players, with what was perceived as negative one-dimensional tactics and unattractive football, a poor youth policy, his constant mention of "turning corners" and a lack of support from fans led to Houllier's departure from Liverpool on 24 May 2004. During a press conference at Liverpool FC leading up to his departure Houllier said, 'If they want to go back to the 70's & 80's they can do that but not with me' shortly after Houllier left the press conference. He left by mutual consent with the club and was swiftly replaced by Valencia coach Rafa Benitez.

 Played  Won  Draw  Lost  For  Against
 Premier League Matches  216  108  54  54  354  212

 Date  Opponents  Venue  Result  Score
 1998-11-14  Leeds United  Home  L  1-3
 1998-11-21  Aston Villa  Away  W  4-2
 1998-11-29  Blackburn Rovers  Home  W  2-0
 1998-12-05  Tottenham Hotspur  Away  L  1-2
 1998-12-13  Wimbledon  Away  L  0-1
 1998-12-19  Sheffield Wednesday  Home  W  2-0
 1998-12-26  Middlesbrough  Away  W  3-1
 1998-12-28  Newcastle United  Home  W  4-2
 1999-01-09  Arsenal  Away  D  0-0
 1999-01-16  Southampton  Home  W  7-1
 1999-01-30  Coventry City  Away  L  1-2
 1999-02-06  Middlesbrough  Home  W  3-1
 1999-02-13  Charlton Athletic  Away  L  0-1
 1999-02-20  West Ham United  Home  D  2-2
 1999-02-27  Chelsea  Away  L  1-2
 1999-03-13  Derby County  Away  L  2-3
 1999-04-03  Everton  Home  W  3-2
 1999-04-05  Nottingham Forest  Away  D  2-2
 1999-04-12  Leeds United  Away  D  0-0
 1999-04-17  Aston Villa  Home  L  0-1
 1999-04-21  Leicester City  Home  L  0-1
 1999-04-24  Blackburn Rovers  Away  W  3-1
 1999-05-01  Tottenham Hotspur  Home  W  3-2
 1999-05-05  Manchester United  Home  D  2-2
 1999-05-08  Sheffield Wednesday  Away  L  0-1
 1999-05-16  Wimbledon  Home  W  3-0
 1999-08-07  Sheffield Wednesday  Away  W  2-1
 1999-08-14  Watford  Home  L  0-1
 1999-08-21  Middlesbrough  Away  L  0-1
 1999-08-23  Leeds United  Away  W  2-1
 1999-08-28  Arsenal  Home  W  2-0
 1999-09-11  Manchester United  Home  L  2-3
 1999-09-18  Leicester City  Away  D  2-2
 1999-09-27  Everton  Home  L  0-1
 1999-10-02  Aston Villa  Away  D  0-0
 1999-10-16  Chelsea  Home  W  1-0
 1999-10-23  Southampton  Away  D  1-1
 1999-10-27  West Ham United  Home  W  1-0
 1999-11-01  Bradford City  Home  W  3-1
 1999-11-06  Derby County  Home  W  2-0
 1999-11-20  Sunderland  Away  W  2-0
 1999-11-27  West Ham United  Away  L  0-1
 1999-12-05  Sheffield Wednesday  Home  W  4-1
 1999-12-18  Coventry City  Home  W  2-0
 1999-12-26  Newcastle United  Away  D  2-2
 1999-12-28  Wimbledon  Home  W  3-1
 2000-01-03  Tottenham Hotspur  Away  L  0-1
 2000-01-15  Watford  Away  W  3-2
 2000-01-22  Middlesbrough  Home  D  0-0
 2000-02-05  Leeds United  Home  W  3-1
 2000-02-13  Arsenal  Away  W  1-0
 2000-03-04  Manchester United  Away  D  1-1
 2000-03-11  Sunderland  Home  D  1-1
 2000-03-15  Aston Villa  Home  D  0-0
 2000-03-18  Derby County  Away  W  2-0
 2000-03-25  Newcastle United  Home  W  2-1
 2000-04-01  Coventry City  Away  W  3-0
 2000-04-09  Tottenham Hotspur  Home  W  2-0
 2000-04-16  Wimbledon  Away  W  2-1
 2000-04-21  Everton  Away  D  0-0
 2000-04-29  Chelsea  Away  L  0-2
 2000-05-03  Leicester City  Home  L  0-2
 2000-05-07  Southampton  Home  D  0-0
 2000-05-14  Bradford City  Away  L  0-1
 2000-08-19  Bradford City  Home  W  1-0
 2000-08-21  Arsenal  Away  L  0-2
 2000-08-26  Southampton  Away  D  3-3
 2000-09-06  Aston Villa  Home  W  3-1
 2000-09-09  Manchester City  Home  W  3-2
 2000-09-17  West Ham United  Away  D  1-1
 2000-09-23  Sunderland  Home  D  1-1
 2000-10-01  Chelsea  Away  L  0-3
 2000-10-15  Derby County  Away  W  4-0
 2000-10-21  Leicester City  Home  W  1-0
 2000-10-29  Everton  Home  W  3-1
 2000-11-04  Leeds United  Away  L  3-4
 2000-11-12  Coventry City  Home  W  4-1
 2000-11-19  Tottenham Hotspur  Away  L  1-2
 2000-11-26  Newcastle United  Away  L  1-2
 2000-12-02  Charlton Athletic  Home  W  3-0
 2000-12-10  Ipswich Town  Home  L  0-1
 2000-12-17  Manchester United  Away  W  1-0
 2000-12-23  Arsenal  Home  W  4-0
 2000-12-26  Middlesbrough  Away  L  0-1
 2001-01-01  Southampton  Home  W  2-1
 2001-01-13  Aston Villa  Away  W  3-0
 2001-01-20  Middlesbrough  Home  D  0-0
 2001-01-31  Manchester City  Away  D  1-1
 2001-02-03  West Ham United  Home  W  3-0
 2001-02-10  Sunderland  Away  D  1-1
 2001-03-03  Leicester City  Away  L  0-2
 2001-03-18  Derby County  Home  D  1-1
 2001-03-31  Manchester United  Home  W  2-0
 2001-04-10  Ipswich Town  Away  D  1-1
 2001-04-13  Leeds United  Home  L  1-2
 2001-04-16  Everton  Away  W  3-2
 2001-04-22  Tottenham Hotspur  Home  W  3-1
 2001-04-28  Coventry City  Away  W  2-0
 2001-05-01  Bradford City  Away  W  2-0
 2001-05-05  Newcastle United  Home  W  3-0
 2001-05-08  Chelsea  Home  D  2-2
 2001-05-19  Charlton Athletic  Away  W  4-0
 2001-08-18  West Ham United  Home  W  2-1
 2001-08-27  Bolton Wanderers  Away  L  1-2
 2001-09-08  Aston Villa  Home  L  1-3
 2001-09-15  Everton  Away  W  3-1
 2001-09-22  Tottenham Hotspur  Home  W  1-0
 2001-09-30  Newcastle United  Away  W  2-0
 2001-10-13  Leeds United  Home  D  1-1
 2001-10-20  Leicester City  Away  W  4-1
 2001-10-27  Charlton Athletic  Away  W  2-0
 2001-11-04  Manchester United  Home  W  3-1
 2001-11-17  Blackburn Rovers  Away  D  1-1
 2001-11-25  Sunderland  Home  W  1-0
 2001-12-01  Derby County  Away  W  1-0
 2001-12-08  Middlesbrough  Home  W  2-0
 2001-12-12  Fulham  Home  D  0-0
 2001-12-16  Chelsea  Away  L  0-4
 2001-12-23  Arsenal  Home  L  1-2
 2001-12-26  Aston Villa  Away  W  2-1
 2001-12-29  West Ham United  Away  D  1-1
 2002-01-01  Bolton Wanderers  Home  D  1-1
 2002-01-09  Southampton  Away  L  0-2
 2002-01-13  Arsenal  Away  D  1-1
 2002-01-19  Southampton  Home  D  1-1
 2002-01-22  Manchester United  Away  W  1-0
 2002-01-30  Leicester City  Home  W  1-0
 2002-02-03  Leeds United  Away  W  4-0
 2002-02-09  Ipswich Town  Away  W  6-0
 2002-02-23  Everton  Home  D  1-1
 2002-03-02  Fulham  Away  W  2-0
 2002-03-06  Newcastle United  Home  W  3-0
 2002-03-16  Middlesbrough  Away  W  2-1
 2002-03-24  Chelsea  Home  W  1-0
 2002-03-30  Charlton Athletic  Home  W  2-0
 2002-04-13  Sunderland  Away  W  1-0
 2002-04-20  Derby County  Home  W  2-0
 2002-04-27  Tottenham Hotspur  Away  L  0-1
 2002-05-08  Blackburn Rovers  Home  W  4-3
 2002-05-11  Ipswich Town  Home  W  5-0
 2002-08-18  Aston Villa  Away  W  1-0
 2002-08-24  Southampton  Home  W  3-0
 2002-08-28  Blackburn Rovers  Away  D  2-2
 2002-09-02  Newcastle United  Home  D  2-2
 2002-09-11  Birmingham City  Home  D  2-2
 2002-09-14  Bolton Wanderers  Away  W  3-2
 2002-09-21  West Bromwich Albion  Home  W  2-0
 2002-09-28  Manchester City  Away  W  3-0
 2002-10-06  Chelsea  Home  W  1-0
 2002-10-19  Leeds United  Away  W  1-0
 2002-10-26  Tottenham Hotspur  Home  W  2-1
 2002-11-02  West Ham United  Home  W  2-0
 2002-11-09  Middlesbrough  Away  L  0-1
 2002-11-17  Sunderland  Home  D  0-0
 2002-11-23  Fulham  Away  L  2-3
 2002-12-01  Manchester United  Home  L  1-2
 2002-12-07  Charlton Athletic  Away  L  0-2
 2002-12-15  Sunderland  Away  L  1-2
 2002-12-22  Everton  Home  D  0-0
 2002-12-26  Blackburn Rovers  Home  D  1-1
 2002-12-29  Arsenal  Away  D  1-1
 2003-01-01  Newcastle United  Away  L  0-1
 2003-01-11  Aston Villa  Home  D  1-1
 2003-01-18  Southampton  Away  W  1-0
 2003-01-29  Arsenal  Home  D  2-2
 2003-02-02  West Ham United  Away  W  3-0
 2003-02-08  Middlesbrough  Home  D  1-1
 2003-02-23  Birmingham City  Away  L  1-2
 2003-03-08  Bolton Wanderers  Home  W  2-0
 2003-03-16  Tottenham Hotspur  Away  W  3-2
 2003-03-23  Leeds United  Home  W  3-1
 2003-04-05  Manchester United  Away  L  0-4
 2003-04-12  Fulham  Home  W  2-0
 2003-04-19  Everton  Away  W  2-1
 2003-04-21  Charlton Athletic  Home  W  2-1
 2003-04-26  West Bromwich Albion  Away  W  6-0
 2003-05-03  Manchester City  Home  L  1-2
 2003-05-11  Chelsea  Away  L  1-2
 2003-08-17  Chelsea  Home  L  1-2
 2003-08-24  Aston Villa  Away  D  0-0
 2003-08-27  Tottenham Hotspur  Home  D  0-0
 2003-08-30  Everton  Away  W  3-0
 2003-09-13  Blackburn Rovers  Away  W  3-1
 2003-09-20  Leicester City  Home  W  2-1
 2003-09-28  Charlton Athletic  Away  L  2-3
 2003-10-04  Arsenal  Home  L  1-2
 2003-10-18  Portsmouth  Away  L  0-1
 2003-10-25  Leeds United  Home  W  3-1
 2003-11-02  Fulham  Away  W  2-1
 2003-11-09  Manchester United  Home  L  1-2
 2003-11-22  Middlesbrough  Away  D  0-0
 2003-11-30  Birmingham City  Home  W  3-1
 2003-12-06  Newcastle United  Away  D  1-1
 2003-12-13  Southampton  Home  L  1-2
 2003-12-26  Bolton Wanderers  Home  W  3-1
 2003-12-28  Manchester City  Away  D  2-2
 2004-01-07  Chelsea  Away  W  1-0
 2004-01-10  Aston Villa  Home  W  1-0
 2004-01-17  Tottenham Hotspur  Away  L  1-2
 2004-01-21  Wolverhampton Wanderers  Away  D  1-1
 2004-01-31  Everton  Home  D  0-0
 2004-02-07  Bolton Wanderers  Away  D  2-2
 2004-02-11  Manchester City  Home  W  2-1
 2004-02-29  Leeds United  Away  D  2-2
 2004-03-14  Southampton  Away  L  0-2
 2004-03-17  Portsmouth  Home  W  3-0
 2004-03-20  Wolverhampton Wanderers  Home  W  1-0
 2004-03-28  Leicester City  Away  D  0-0
 2004-04-04  Blackburn Rovers  Home  W  4-0
 2004-04-09  Arsenal  Away  L  2-4
 2004-04-12  Charlton Athletic  Home  L  0-1
 2004-04-17  Fulham  Home  D  0-0
 2004-04-24  Manchester United  Away  W  1-0
 2004-05-02  Middlesbrough  Home  W  2-0
 2004-05-08  Birmingham City  Away  W  3-0
 2004-05-15  Newcastle United  Home  D  1-1